modal.CloudBucketMount

class CloudBucketMount(object)

Mounts a cloud bucket to your container. Currently supports AWS S3 buckets.

S3 buckets are mounted using AWS S3 Mountpoint. S3 mounts are optimized for reading large files sequentially. It does not support every file operation; consult the AWS S3 Mountpoint documentation for more information.

AWS S3 Usage

import subprocess

app = modal.App()  # Note: "app" was called "stub" up until April 2024
secret = modal.Secret.from_dict({
    "AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID": "...",
    "AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY": "...",
})
@app.function(
    volumes={
        "/my-mount": modal.CloudBucketMount(
            bucket_name="s3-bucket-name",
            secret=secret,
            read_only=True
        )
    }
)
def f():
    subprocess.run(["ls", "/my-mount"], check=True)

Cloudflare R2 Usage

Cloudflare R2 is S3-compatible so its setup looks very similar to S3. But additionally the bucket_endpoint_url argument must be passed.

import subprocess

app = modal.App()  # Note: "app" was called "stub" up until April 2024
secret = modal.Secret.from_dict({
    "AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID": "...",
    "AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY": "...",
})
@app.function(
    volumes={
        "/my-mount": modal.CloudBucketMount(
            bucket_name="my-r2-bucket",
            bucket_endpoint_url="https://<ACCOUNT ID>.r2.cloudflarestorage.com",
            secret=secret,
            read_only=True
        )
    }
)
def f():
    subprocess.run(["ls", "/my-mount"], check=True)

Google GCS Usage

Google Cloud Storage (GCS) is partially S3-compatible. GCS Buckets also require a secret with Google-specific key names (see below) populated with a HMAC key.

import subprocess

app = modal.App()  # Note: "app" was called "stub" up until April 2024
gcp_hmac_secret = modal.Secret.from_dict({
    "GOOGLE_ACCESS_KEY_ID": "GOOG1ERM12345...",
    "GOOGLE_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET": "HTJ123abcdef...",
})
@app.function(
    volumes={
        "/my-mount": modal.CloudBucketMount(
            bucket_name="my-gcs-bucket",
            bucket_endpoint_url="https://storage.googleapis.com",
            secret=gcp_hmac_secret,
        )
    }
)
def f():
    subprocess.run(["ls", "/my-mount"], check=True)
def __init__(self, bucket_name: str, bucket_endpoint_url: Optional[str] = None, key_prefix: Optional[str] = None, secret: Optional[modal.secret._Secret] = None, read_only: bool = False, requester_pays: bool = False) -> None